Today in Europe we find wild growing sea buckthorn shrubs only in three areas: along the coasts of North and Baltic Sea, the Alps and the Carpathians and their foothills. These areas are remnants of a much wider distribution after the last Ice Age about 10 000 years ago. Later reforestation caused a retreat of sea buckthorn towards coastal areas as well as rugged mountainous landscapes as this plant needs a lot of light and raw ground.
This shrub deserves a closer look for two main reasons: Due to it’s high content of nutrients, it is considered as one of the main wild fruit species, and is now also grown more and more commercially (containing, among other things far more vitamin C than lemons!); also, the plants play an important role today in bioengineering. The sufficiency of the plant and its vigorous root system (as pioneer plants at raw soils) they make it an effective weapon against soil erosion in dry regions and organic matter degradation.